VW Passat B5

since 1996 release

Repair and operation of the car



Foltsvagen Passat B5
+ Maintenance instruction
- 1. Maintenance
   1.1. Technical characteristics
   + 1.2. Frequency of service
   + 1.3. Engine oil
   1.4. Check of the exhaust system
   + 1.5. Engine cooling system
   + 1.6. Spark plugs
   1.7. Discharge of water from the fuel filter (diesel engines)
   1.8. Replacement of the fuel filter (diesel engines)
   1.9. Check of tightness of hoses and effluence of liquid
   1.10. Replacement of the filtering element of the air filter
   1.11. Check of a condition of a poliklinovy belt
   1.12. Maple belts
   1.13. Measurement of wear of gear belts on diesel engines
   1.14. Box of transfers / main transfer
   1.15. Check of a protective cover of a power shaft
   1.16. Visual check of tightness of the transmission
   1.17. Check of level of oil in the mechanical transmission
   1.18. Check of oil in the main transfer of automatic transmissions
   1.19. Check/replacement of level of oil in the automatic transmission
   1.20. Check of a forward suspension bracket and steering
   1.21. Check of dustproof covers of hinges of a forward suspension bracket
   1.22. Check of the shock-absorber
   1.23. Check of a radiator
   1.24. Check of electric chains
   + 1.25. Brake fluid
   1.26. Check of front brake shoes
   1.27. Check of back brake shoes
   1.28. Check of brake hoses
   1.29. Check of cables of the emergency brake
   1.30. Check of level of liquid in the amplifier of steering
   1.31. Dust filter
   1.32. Rechargeable battery
   1.33. Hinges of doors
   + 1.34. Windscreen washers
   1.35. Brushes of screen wipers
   1.36. Check of a starting position of the lever of a screen wiper
   1.37. Check of a tilt angle of the lever of a screen wiper
   1.38. Replacement of the battery in a key of remote control
   1.39. Zeroing of the Service-indicator
+ 2. Engines
+ 3. Cooling system
+ 4. Fuel system
+ 5. Engine management
+ 6. Exhaust system
+ 7. Transmission
+ 8. Running gear
+ 9. Steering
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Heating, ventilation
+ 13. Electric equipment






1.9. Check of tightness of hoses and effluence of liquid

GENERAL INFORMATION

Leaks in the cooling system usually are found on white or colors of a rust to a raid in the area adjoining leak.

Carefully check a radiator and hoses of cooling liquid on all length. Replace hoses with cracks, gaps and signs of aging. It is easier to find cracks if to press a hose. Pay special attention to collars which attach hoses to cooling system elements. Collars of fastening of a hose which were strongly tightened can cause a gap or a puncture of a hose, leaks in the cooling system will be result of what. Examine all hoses and the surfaces of connection of hoses regarding leaks. If any problems of similar character with leaks are found, then replace this component or laying.

Precisely it is difficult to define fuel leak until leak becomes essential and, therefore, easily visible. Fuel tends to evaporate quickly as soon as it contacts with air, especially in a hot motor compartment. Small drops can disappear before you are able to define the place of leak. If you suspect that leak of fuel in the field of a motor compartment takes place, then cool the engine and start it, it cold, at an open cowl so far. Metal objects tend to contract in a cold state, and rubber hoses tend to be weakened so any leaks will be more obvious while the engine heats up from start and a cold state.

If there are signs that there is a leak of any liquid, but you cannot distinguish type of liquid or an exact origin, then it is necessary to leave the car for long time and to put a big piece of paper or a rag under the car. It will help to find the place of course of liquid, and also will help to identify the followed liquid on color. But keep in mind that some leaks can be shown only at the working engine.

Leak in a vacuum hose means that air is sucked in in a hose (but does not leave a hose), and it does leak very difficult for detection. The method of detection consists in using an old vacuum hose as some kind of stethoscope. You keep one end of a hose close to an ear (but not in fish soup), and use other end to explore the area around alleged leak. When the end of a hose directly is over the place of leak, the hissing sound will be clearly heard through a hose. It is necessary to avoid contact with hot and moving details as the engine when checking has to work.

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