VW Passat B5

since 1996 release

Repair and operation of the car



Foltsvagen Passat B5
+ Maintenance instruction
- 1. Maintenance
   1.1. Technical characteristics
   + 1.2. Frequency of service
   - 1.3. Engine oil
      1.3.1. Replacement of oil and oil filter
   1.4. Check of the exhaust system
   + 1.5. Engine cooling system
   + 1.6. Spark plugs
   1.7. Discharge of water from the fuel filter (diesel engines)
   1.8. Replacement of the fuel filter (diesel engines)
   1.9. Check of tightness of hoses and effluence of liquid
   1.10. Replacement of the filtering element of the air filter
   1.11. Check of a condition of a poliklinovy belt
   1.12. Maple belts
   1.13. Measurement of wear of gear belts on diesel engines
   1.14. Box of transfers / main transfer
   1.15. Check of a protective cover of a power shaft
   1.16. Visual check of tightness of the transmission
   1.17. Check of level of oil in the mechanical transmission
   1.18. Check of oil in the main transfer of automatic transmissions
   1.19. Check/replacement of level of oil in the automatic transmission
   1.20. Check of a forward suspension bracket and steering
   1.21. Check of dustproof covers of hinges of a forward suspension bracket
   1.22. Check of the shock-absorber
   1.23. Check of a radiator
   1.24. Check of electric chains
   + 1.25. Brake fluid
   1.26. Check of front brake shoes
   1.27. Check of back brake shoes
   1.28. Check of brake hoses
   1.29. Check of cables of the emergency brake
   1.30. Check of level of liquid in the amplifier of steering
   1.31. Dust filter
   1.32. Rechargeable battery
   1.33. Hinges of doors
   + 1.34. Windscreen washers
   1.35. Brushes of screen wipers
   1.36. Check of a starting position of the lever of a screen wiper
   1.37. Check of a tilt angle of the lever of a screen wiper
   1.38. Replacement of the battery in a key of remote control
   1.39. Zeroing of the Service-indicator
+ 2. Engines
+ 3. Cooling system
+ 4. Fuel system
+ 5. Engine management
+ 6. Exhaust system
+ 7. Transmission
+ 8. Running gear
+ 9. Steering
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Heating, ventilation
+ 13. Electric equipment






1.3. Engine oil

GENERAL INFORMATION

Viscosity of engine oils


Viscosity and specifications

At manufacturer in the engine quality special all-weather oil which is suitable, except for especially cold climatic zones, for operation at all times year is filled in.

At an oil dolivka in the engine it is also possible to add oil of one specification to oil of other specification. The class of viscosity of oil should be chosen according to data on rice. Viscosity of engine oils. If air temperature only quickly goes beyond the extreme values of temperature given here, oil should not be replaced.

Petrol engines

And – all-weather oils with the increased antifrictional properties, the VW 500 00 specification.

In – all-weather oils, the VW 501 01 specification;
    – all-weather oils, API-SF or SG specifications.

Diesel engines

And – all-weather oils with the increased antifrictional properties, the VW 500 00 specification (for diesel engines with a turbo-supercharging only in mix with the VW 505 00 specification).

In – all-weather oils, the VW 505 00 specification (it is unlimited for all diesel engines);
    – all-weather oils, the API-CD specification (for diesel engines with a turbo-supercharging only in urgent cases for a dolivka);
    – all-weather oils, the VW 501 01 specification (for diesel engines with a turbo-supercharging only in mix with the VW 505 00 specification).

Qualities of engine oils

All-weather oils according to the VW 501 01 and 505 00 standards are rather inexpensive oils with the following qualities:

– year-round use in zones of a temperate climate;
– the excellent washing properties;
– the good greasing ability at all temperatures and loadings of the engine;
– high stability of pervonachalnykhsvoystvo for a long time.

All-weather oils with the improved antifrictional qualities according to the VW 500 00 standard have, besides, additional advantages:

– honor year-round use at all possible temperatures of external air;
– small losses of engine capacity on friction;
– simplification of cold launch of the engine – as well at very low temperatures.


Prevention

Owing to inherent they specific vyazkostno - temperature properties usually cannot use seasonal oils all the year round. Therefore these oils should be applied only in extreme climatic zones.

When using all-weather oils of the class SAE 5W-30, it is necessary to avoid long operation of the engine with high frequency of rotation and constant big load of the engine. These restrictions are not valid for all-weather oils with the improved antifrictional qualities.


Additives to engine oils

It is not necessary to add any additives reducing losses on friction to engine oils.

Oil mixing

This and similar to it questions interest many motorists. The answer to the first – unfortunately, no, even if it oils of firms "with a world name" (Shell, Mobil, British Petroleum). Each firm produces commodity oils, adding the whole complex of additives which chemical composition is kept a big secret to an oil basis. Therefore, there are a lot of qualitative oils of identical appointment made according to requirements of rather ekpluatatsionno-technical properties of the international classification of API and the CCMC-ACEA European specification, but on technologies of various firms when mixing are capable to create mixes of poor quality owing to interaction and mutually destruction of additives, that is "incompatibility" of additives. Oils of different firms the mutually deputy of a nyaema, about a possibility of use of such oils often specify motorostro a body. But it does not mean that they can be mixed. Classification of API and the ASEA specification assume obligatory identical test methods (laboratory, bench – motor etc.) oils of different firms. At desire (or need) engine builders can enter additional tests (or more severe conditions) to these classifications.

The same treats mixing of mineral or synthetic oils (sometimes – even one firm). Oils synthetic can have structure of hydrocarbonic character (in such cases of oil of one firm it is possible to mix on what the firm producer of oil makes recommendations and what it bears responsibility for), other chemical composition. Unfortunately, cases when when mixing oils their quality worsens are frequent. As a result of it can "begin to knock" the engine as mix of incompatible oils turns into "jelly".

Even more negative answer to a question of a possibility of mixing of import and domestic oils, especially those which are made with additive of "domestic" additives. Neither the seller, nor the consumer know composition of additives which are in oils. Some oils of "a domestic origin" are produced by the "firms" which do not have even elementary knowledge of oil products. Sometimes such "experts" use the fulfilled oils (even without appropriate regeneration) to production of "commodity". At the same time and corresponding quality. Therefore advice concerning a possibility of mixing of oils should be given very carefully!

No "cleaners" (Tokron, etc.) are capable to increase gasoline octane number. For this purpose use special additives – anti-detonators which add in the course of production of gasoline at the petroplants, or additives. Deposits in the combustion chamber can be the detonation reason (the metal knock in operating time of the engine is heard) and kalilny ignition (the engine continues to work at the switched-off ignition).

Increase in a compression in the system "at introduction of some additives" happens not at the expense of viscous additives as they do not incorporate them, and for other reasons.

To reduce oil waste in the old engine and to raise a compression in cylinders due to use of high-viscous oils it is inexpedient as it will lead at first really to increase in a compression in cylinders, but for a while. Further repair of the engine will be more expensive.

Its wear is the reason of "acoustic noise" in the old engine. Therefore, repair with the subsequent use will cost cheaper it is high-quality го oils. It is possible "to reduce" gaps additives, but it is necessary to understand expediency of it not to do much harm to the engine.

Shortly concerning "ship oils" and a possibility of their use in "automobile diesels". There are different oils. Special ship oils for diesels concern to group E, for example, of M-16E30, M-16E60, M-20E60 intended for the low-reverse diesels using high-sulfuric high-viscous fuel – fuel oil. These oils have technical and operational properties (quality indicators) different from indicators of quality of oils of automobile diesels therefore their use in automobile diesels is impossible. There are ship oils of group D, for example, of M-10DTsL20, M-14DTsL20, M-14DTsL30 which are used in the diesels using high-sulfuric fuel. Oils waterproof, but have the raised alkaline number and a high ash-content. For automobile diesels it is the increased wear of the engine which can not pay off free oil over time. M-16DR oil for ship diesels which use distillate fuel – diesel fuel with the increased viscosity compared with viscosity avtomobilno го and the content of sulfur up to 0,5%, can be used in automobile diesels in the summer (for heavy cargo, but not cars).

It is necessary to take for the rule: to use the high-quality oil of one brand corresponding to the engine (on classification) and not to risk to mix it with same synthetic (or semi-synthetic) oil. The engine will thank for it reliable work. Do not buy oil privately as it is easy to forge packing.