VW Passat B5

since 1996 release

Repair and operation of the car



Foltsvagen Passat B5
+ Maintenance instruction
+ 1. Maintenance
+ 2. Engines
+ 3. Cooling system
+ 4. Fuel system
+ 5. Engine management
+ 6. Exhaust system
+ 7. Transmission
+ 8. Running gear
+ 9. Steering
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Heating, ventilation
- 13. Electric equipment
   13.2. General information
   + 13.3. Electric chains
   13.4. Safety locks
   13.5. Rules of care of the accumulator
   13.6. Check of the accumulator
   13.7. Accumulator charging
   13.8. Accumulator
   13.9. System of charging
   13:10. Generator
   13:11. Replacement of brushes of the generator and regulator of tension
   13:12. System of start of the engine
   13:13. Starter
   13:14. Traction relay of a starter
   13:15. Replacement of bulbs of external lighting
   13:16. Replacement of bulbs of internal lighting
   13:17. Devices of external lighting
   13:18. Executive engine of the proofreader of light of headlights
   13:19. Adjustment of light of headlights
   13:20. Gas-discharge lamps of headlights of passing beam
   13:21. Combination of devices
   13:22. Multipurpose switches of a steering column
   13:23. Switches
   13:24. Radio receiver
   13:25. High-frequency loudspeakers
   13:26. Low-frequency loudspeakers
   13:27. Antenna
   13:28. Check of a heater of back glass
   13:29. Windshield screen wiper engine
   13:30. Engine of a screen wiper of back glass
   13:31. Windscreen washer pump
   13:32. System of the central blocking of locks
   13:33. Main malfunctions of the generator
   13:34. Main malfunctions of a starter
   + 13:35. Electric circuits






13:13. Starter

GENERAL INFORMATION

Starter

1 – forward cover,
2 – traction relay,
3 – casing,
4 – brush holder,
5 – stator,
6 – rotor,
7 – a driving gear wheel with the obgonny coupling

Arrangement of contacts on a back part of the traction relay

1 – plug 50,
2 – plug 30

Arrangement of bolts of fastening of an arm of support of a back part of a starter

And – a bolt of fastening of an arm to the block of cylinders,
In – nuts of fastening of a starter to an arm,
With – an arm

The starter represents the electric motor of a direct current with the mixed excitement with the electromagnetic traction relay. The starter consists of the case or the stator with windings of excitement, an anchor with the obgonny coupling, covers with brush holders and the traction relay.

At inclusion of a starter through a winding of the traction relay of a starter current from the accumulator begins to proceed. The anchor of the relay is involved and contacts of the relay become isolated. At the same time the relay anchor via the lever moves the obgonny coupling with a gear wheel. The nave of the obgonny coupling turns on screw vents of a shaft of an anchor of a starter turns as well a gear wheel that facilitates input it in gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel. Through the closed contacts of the traction relay there is a current feeding windings of the stator and anchors and the anchor of a starter begins to rotate together with a nave and the obgonny coupling.

After start of the engine the frequency of rotation of a gear wheel exceeds the frequency of rotation of an anchor of a starter. In this case the obgonny coupling is freely turned, and the torque is not transferred from an engine flywheel to a starter anchor shaft. After an ignition key otpuskaniye the power-supply circuit of windings of the traction relay via the switch of ignition is disconnected, the anchor of the traction relay is wrung out by a spring in a starting position, contacts of the relay are disconnected and the gear wheel of the drive leaves gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel.

Removal
PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Switch off ignition and remove a weight wire from the accumulator.
2. Tighten the emergency brake, then lift a forward part of the car and fix on supports.
3. Remove the lower mudguard of the engine.
4. Remove the electric socket from the plug of the 50th traction relay, see rice. An arrangement of contacts on a back part of the traction relay.
5. Disconnect a wire from the plug of the 30th traction relay.
6. Weaken the collar fixing a thermoprotective plate of a starter.
7. Unscrew a bolt of fastening of an arm of support of a back part of a starter to the block of cylinders of the engine, see rice. Arrangement of bolts of fastening of an arm of support of a back part of a starter.
8. Unscrew two nuts (arrow B) fixing a starter to an arm and remove an arm.
9. Unscrew a bolt (1) M12x90, the fixing top part of a starter, and the bolt (2) M12x67 fixing the lower part of a starter to a transmission case.
10. Remove a starter from a case of the transmission and take it from under the car.

Installation

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Establish a starter and fix it by bolts, having tightened their moment 65 Nanometers. Keep in mind that bolts of fastening of a starter have different length.
2. Establish the arm supporting a back part of a starter and fix it by bolts and nuts. Tighten a bolt the moment of 22 Nanometers, and nuts the moment of 4 Nanometers.
3. Tighten a collar of fastening of a thermoprotective plate of a starter.
4. Screw a wire on the plug of the 30th traction relay and delay fastening the moment of 30 Nanometers.
5. Connect the electric socket to the plug 50.
6. Establish the lower mudguard of the engine.
7. Connect a weight wire to the accumulator.