VW Passat B5

since 1996 release

Repair and operation of the car



Foltsvagen Passat B5
+ Maintenance instruction
+ 1. Maintenance
+ 2. Engines
+ 3. Cooling system
+ 4. Fuel system
+ 5. Engine management
+ 6. Exhaust system
+ 7. Transmission
+ 8. Running gear
+ 9. Steering
+ 10. Brake system
- 11. Body
   11.2. Care of a body
   11.3. Care of an upholstery and rugs
   11.4. Repair of insignificant damages of a body
   11.5. Repair of strong damages of a body
   + 11.6. Forward cross panel
   11.7. Front bumper
   11.8. Removal of the lever of blocking of a cowl
   11.9. Adjustment of the side directing bumper arm
   11:10. Rear bumper
   11:11. Forward wing
   11:12. Facing of a niche of a forward wheel
   11:13. Air inlet lattice
   + 11:14. Cowl
   11:15. Front grille
   + 11:16. Cable of opening of the lock of a cowl
   11:17. Cowl lock
   11:18. Internal finishing of a door
   11:19. Differences at removal of an upholstery of the right forward door
   11:20. Control unit of door mechanisms
   11:21. Consolidation of a door
   11:22. Side finishing of the luggage compartment of the Sedan models
   11:23. Side finishing of the luggage compartment of the Station wagon models
   11:24. Back finishing of the luggage compartment on the Sedan models
   11:25. Trunk lid upholstery
   11:26. Luggage carrier door upholstery
   11:27. A covering of half of the luggage compartment on the Station wagon models
   11:28. Trunk lid
   + 11:29. Luggage carrier lock
   11:30. Adjustment of provision of a cover of a luggage carrier / back door
   + 11:31. The lock of a back door on the Station wagon models
   11:32. Forward door
   11:33. Cylinder of the lock of a forward door
   11:34. External handle of opening of a door
   11:35. Door lock
   11:36. Manual lowering of glass of a door
   11:37. Door glass
   11:38. Door arm
   11:39. Internal rear-view mirror
   11:40. Central console
   11:41. Forward ashtray
   11:42. Back ashtray
   11:43. Decorative overlay of the lever (automatic transmission)
   11:44. Decorative slips under the radio receiver
   11:45. The lower finishing of the dashboard from the driver
   11:46. Ware box
   11:47. Internal decorative overlay of an external rear-view mirror
   11:48. Ceiling handle
   11:49. Antisolar peaks
   11:50. Overlays of thresholds
   11:51. Wind and back flew down
   11:52. Sitting lobbies
   11:53. Head restraint
   11:54. Side safety cushions
   11:55. Back sitting
   11:56. Left back of back sitting
   11:57. Carpet
   11:58. Elements of finishing of an interior
   11:59. External mirror of a back type / glass of a mirror
   11.60. Case of an external mirror
   11.61. Protection / бордюрная roof level
   11.62. Side overlay of a body
   11.63. Replacement of rubber tapes of brushes of screen wipers
   11.64. Nozzles of washers of a windshield
   11.65. Screen wiper levers
+ 12. Heating, ventilation
+ 13. Electric equipment






11.2. Care of a body

GENERAL INFORMATION

Check of a condition of a body has to be made regularly. Otherwise corrosion of certain sites of a body can lead to its strong damage and further expensive repair. It is also important to pay attention to parts of the car inaccessible to an external look, for example, to the bottom, arches of wheels and the lower part of a motor compartment, and also parts of a body, hidden under an upholstery.

Basic element at care of a body is its sink. Before a wash of the car soak insects and remove from a body surface. Plentifully use water. Use a soft sponge or a soft brush. The varnish covering cannot be washed with a stream with a strong pressure. Pour over the car from a hose and wash away dirt from top to down. Often rinse a sponge. Wipe the car with pure rags. Apply only the good degreasing washing substances. For the purpose of protection for a sink add the washing preservatives to water. It is forbidden to wash and dry the car in the sun, otherwise on a varnish surface there will be spots. Salt with which roads strew makes harmful effects on a car body.


Prevention

After a wash of the car because of humidity efficiency of action of brakes decreases. It is recommended to dry brake disks short-term pressing a brake pedal in a start of motion.


Preservation

Purely washed up and dried up varnish covering needs to be processed every 3 month the preserving means to protect the surface of the car from atmospheric influences by creation of a pore-free water-repellent wax layer.

At once to remove the flowed-out fuel, oil or lubricant, and also brake fluid, otherwise color of a varnish covering will change.

Processing of a surface needs to be repeated if water does not gather in drops, and spreads on a surface. Regular processing by the preserving means promotes long preservation of gloss of a varnish covering.

There is also other possibility of protection of varnish coverings – by means of the washing preservatives. However the washing preservatives provide reliable protection of varnish coverings only in case are used at each wash of the car and at least, than in 2–3 weeks.

After use of the washing (foam-forming) means additional processing of a surface by preservatives especially is recommended.


Prevention

Pkonservation cannot be made in the open sun.


Polishing

Polishing of a varnish surface is necessary only in case it faded owing to insufficient leaving, influence of dust, harmful gases, weather conditions, and the preserving means cannot restore its gloss.

It is not necessary to apply rough polishing pastes and chemically active polishing means, despite a predvaritel but good results.

Before polishing the car needs to be washed up and to dry up carefully. To further adhere to the instruction for use of the polishing means.

To make polishing small sites in avoidance it is premature го polish drying. After processing of a surface some polishing means it is necessary to make additional preservation. It is forbidden to polish in the open sun. Opaque varnish surfaces cannot be processed the preserving and polishing means.

Removal of spots of pitch

Pitch quickly diffundirut in varnish coverings, and it is impossible to remove it completely already. Fresh spots of pitch can be removed with the soft rag moistened in flushing gasoline. In case of emergency it is possible to use usual gasoline, kerosene or turpentine.

Removal of insects

Insects contain substances which can damage a varnish film if quickly not to remove them. Insects can be washed away only the weak slightly warm soap or washing solution or by means of special means for removal of insects.

Removal of construction solutions

Splashes of construction materials are washed away by slightly warm solution of neutral detergents. Not to rub strongly, otherwise it is possible to scratch a varnish covering. Then carefully to rinse with clear water.

Care of details from artificial materials

Plastic details, sitting from imitation leather, a headlight, and also it is possible to wash the details painted in opaque black color with water with addition of special detergents. It is not recommended to wet. Plastic details can be processed if necessary special cleaners. Not to use nitrosolvent or gasoline at all.

Sink of glasses

To wipe glasses with a pure soft rag from the internal and outer side. At strong pollution it is possible to use alcohol or liquid ammonia and warm water, and also special means for purification of glasses. At a windshield sink to lift screen wipers up.


Prevention

When using silikonosoderzhashchy means for cleaning of varnish coverings it is impossible to wipe with them glasses. At dispersion of silikonosoderzhashchy aerosols of glass it is necessary to close a cardboard or other materials.


Care of rubber consolidations

Periodically to strew the condensing or sliding surfaces with talc or to spray silicone аэрозолью. It will keep their elasticity and will exclude a scratch when closing doors. It is possible to eliminate unpleasant sounds, having wiped the adjoining surfaces with liquid soap.

Disks of wheels

Disks of wheels from light metals demand leaving, especially in cold season. For this purpose it is possible to use special means for cleaning of disks. Not to apply active, acidiferous, silnoshchelochny and rough cleaners or water with a temperature over + 60 °C.

Seat belts

Seat belts should be washed with weak alkaline solution, without removing them. Not to subject them to dry cleaning which can cause destruction of fibers. To twist belts with automatic winding in the dried-up state, if necessary to use special an aerosol for the best sliding. It is not recommended to dry belts at a temperature over 80 °C and in the open sun.