VW Passat B5

since 1996 release

Repair and operation of the car



Foltsvagen Passat B5
- Maintenance instruction
   Keys
   Doors, central blocking of locks
   Trunk lid (back door of the Station wagon car)
   Remote radio control by locks
   Electrowindow regulators
   Rear-view mirrors
   Seat belts
   System of inflatable safety cushions
   Head restraints
   + Front seats
   Memory for a driver's seat
   Storing of adjustments of a seat and external mirrors for advance
   Call of adjustments of a seat and external mirrors for the movement by the forward course
   Back many-placed seat (Sedan)
   Back many-placed seat (Station wagon)
   Cover for lengthy baggage
   Armrests
   Luggage compartment
   Shelf of the luggage compartment (station wagon)
   Parking brake
   Mechanical transmission
   + 4-staged automatic transmission
   + 5-staged sekventalny automatic transmission
   Adjustable steering column
   Ignition lock
   Launch of the engine
   Engine stop
   Control devices
   Control lamps
   System of automatic control with the multipurpose index
   Violations of paramount importance (red pictograms)
   Violations of minor importance (yellow pictograms)
   Navigation system
   Switches and switches
   Understeering switch of indexes of turns and light of headlights
   Cruise control
   Screen wipers and windscreen washers
   Heating and ventilation
   Air supply nozzles
   Climatic installation
   Air supply nozzles
   + Climatic Klimatronik installation
   Lifting and movable panel of the hatch of a roof
   Internal lighting
   Box for things
   Plug sockets in the luggage compartment
   How economically to drive the car
   Braking
   Anti-blocking system of brakes
   Protivobuksovochny system (the reduced torque of the engine, ASR)
   Protivobuksovochny system with snubbing of a wheel (EDS)
   Electronic system of stabilization (ESP)
   Amplifier of steering
   Fuel (petrol engines)
   Fuel (diesel engines)
   + Motor compartment
   Bases of safe operation of the car
   Specifications
   Bases of safe operation of the car
   Specifications
+ 1. Maintenance
+ 2. Engines
+ 3. Cooling system
+ 4. Fuel system
+ 5. Engine management
+ 6. Exhaust system
+ 7. Transmission
+ 8. Running gear
+ 9. Steering
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Heating, ventilation
+ 13. Electric equipment







System of inflatable safety cushions

GENERAL INFORMATION

Forward inflatable safety cushions

The system of forward inflatable pillows together with three-point seat belts provides a dopolnitel ny protection of the head and upper body of the driver and passenger on forward sitting in case of serious frontal collisions.
Prevention

The maximum protective action of seat belts and inflatable pillows is reached only at the correct adjustment of seats.


The system of forward inflatable safety cushions does not work at:

 – side blows,
 – blows in a back part of the car,
 – capsizing,
 – light frontal blows.

The system of inflatable safety cushions is not replacement to seat belts at all, and represents an essential component of the general concept of passive safety of the car. Please, remember that the greatest efficiency of action of inflatable safety cushions is reached only at joint action with the put-on seat belts.

The system of inflatable safety cushions consists of the following main knots and details:

 – electronic control unit system and control of functional readiness of system (control unit);
 – two inflatable safety cushions (air bags with a gas generator) for:
   • the driver (in a steering wheel),
   • the forward passenger (in the dashboard);
 – a control lamp on a combination of devices.

Functional readiness of system of inflatable pillows is controlled by the electronic device.

After each inclusion of ignition the control lamp of system of inflatable safety cushions lights up approximately on 3 seconds (self-examination).

Violation of functional readiness of system is demonstrated by the following:

 – at inclusion of ignition the control lamp does not light up,
 – approximately in 3 seconds after inclusion of ignition the control lamp does not die away,
 – after inclusion of ignition the control lamp dies away and then again begins to shine,
 – during the movement the control lamp shines or flickers.


Prevention

When violation of functional readiness of system is noted, it is necessary to check surely system in the service enterprise Volkswagen. Otherwise there is a danger that in case of need, inflatable pillows will not work properly.


Action of system

The system of inflatable pillows is designed in such a way that it works in case of strong frontal collisions.

The sizes of the sector of the direction of frontal collision at which there is an operation of system are presented in the drawing.

At operation of system air bags are filled with working gas and, being inflated, are developed before the driver and the passenger.

At an emphasis of the driver and forward passenger in completely mumpish air bags the movement of their bodies on inertia is extinguished forward, and the risk of receiving injuries of the head and upper body by them significantly decreases.

The air bag is designed in such a way that at frontal blow under the influence of loading from a body of the driver or the passenger sitting near it there is a controlled production of gas from a pillow for mitigation of blow of the head and an upper body about an inflatable pillow. After collision the air bag becomes so empty that does not disturb the forward review.

Filling of an air bag happens to high speed in only a few fractions of a second, as provides reliable protection at accident.

At inflation of safety cushions in salon appears a little fine dust. It is quite normal, and cannot serve as the reason for concern.

Shutdown of an inflatable safety cushion for the forward passenger

On your car it is possible to disconnect an inflatable safety cushion for the forward passenger for example when to the place of the forward passenger the children's seat with position of the child a back in the direction of travel is established.

Functional readiness of system of inflatable safety cushions is controlled by means of electronic devices and at the disconnected pillow for the forward passenger.

After each inclusion of ignition the control lamp of system of inflatable safety cushions a priblizitel but for 3 seconds lights up and then begins to blink within 12 seconds (self-examination).

Violation of functional readiness of system is demonstrated by the following:

 – at inclusion of ignition the control lamp does not light up or does not blink,
 – after inclusion of ignition the control lamp on the expiration of the above-stated time does not die away,
 – after inclusion of ignition the control lamp dies away and then again begins to shine,
 – during the movement the control lamp shines, flickers or blinks.

Side safety cushions
Side safety cushions are placed in pillows of a back of lobbies sitting and you can identify them on the inscription "AIRBAG" in the top part of the back of seatbacks.

The system of side inflatable pillows together with three-point seat belts provides additional protection of an upper body of the driver and passenger on forward sitting in case of serious side crashes.

The system of side inflatable safety cushions does not work at:

 – frontal blows,
 – light side blows,
 – blows in a back part of the car,
 – capsizing.

The system of side inflatable safety cushions consists of the following main knots and details:

 – electronic control unit system and control of functional readiness of system (control unit),
 – inflatable safety cushions on each side back party of backs of front seats,
 – a control lamp on a combination of devices.

At strong side blows the safety cushion from collision works.


At the special, combined types of collisions both frontal, and side safety cushions can work.
Prevention

All works on side inflatable pillows, and also installation and dismantle of devices of this system when carrying out other works (for example, at removal of front seats) have to be carried out only in the service enterprise Volkswagen. Otherwise there can be a violation of normal action of system of side safety cushions.

Between the passenger sitting on forward sitting and the location of an inflatable pillow neither people, nor animal, nor various objects should not accommodate. Besides, on doors no accessories, for example, coasters should be strengthened.

Only small and light articles of clothing have to hang on hooks for clothes. In pockets for small things there should not be heavy objects or objects with sharp sides.

It is impossible to put on any covers front seats which are not recommended by Volkswagen at all. Otherwise at disclosure of side safety cushions their protective action owing to application of not recommended covers in essential degree will be limited.

Each system of inflatable pillows works only once. If it occurred, the system has to be replaced.