VW Passat B5
since 1996 release
Repair and operation of the car
Foltsvagen Passat B5
- Maintenance instruction
Doors, central blocking of locks
Trunk lid (back door of the Station wagon car)
Remote radio control by locks
System of inflatable safety cushions
+ Front seats
Memory for a driver's seat
Storing of adjustments of a seat and external mirrors for advance
Call of adjustments of a seat and external mirrors for the movement by the forward course
Back many-placed seat (Sedan)
Back many-placed seat (Station wagon)
Cover for lengthy baggage
Shelf of the luggage compartment (station wagon)
+ 4-staged automatic transmission
+ 5-staged sekventalny automatic transmission
Adjustable steering column
Launch of the engine
System of automatic control with the multipurpose index
Violations of paramount importance (red pictograms)
Violations of minor importance (yellow pictograms)
Switches and switches
Understeering switch of indexes of turns and light of headlights
Screen wipers and windscreen washers
Heating and ventilation
Air supply nozzles
Air supply nozzles
+ Climatic Klimatronik installation
Lifting and movable panel of the hatch of a roof
Box for things
Plug sockets in the luggage compartment
How economically to drive the car
Anti-blocking system of brakes
Protivobuksovochny system (the reduced torque of the engine, ASR)
Protivobuksovochny system with snubbing of a wheel (EDS)
Electronic system of stabilization (ESP)
Amplifier of steering
Fuel (petrol engines)
Fuel (diesel engines)
+ Motor compartment
Bases of safe operation of the car
Bases of safe operation of the car
+ 1. Maintenance
+ 2. Engines
+ 3. Cooling system
+ 4. Fuel system
+ 5. Engine management
+ 6. Exhaust system
+ 7. Transmission
+ 8. Running gear
+ 9. Steering
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Heating, ventilation
+ 13. Electric equipment
Observance of recommendations below substantially will increase your safety on roads and will allow to keep the vehicle in good repair.
Competent technology of driving of the car also depends on the correct landing of the driver. The negligent, weakened landing (in particular when the driver puts out an elbow of the left hand in a window or leans a body on the left door, and the steering wheel holds with one hand) does not provide constant readiness of the driver for bystry and accurate actions in case of sudden change of a situation on the road. The correct landing – the driver rather densely leans on a seatback, legs at a full vyzhim on a pedal are extended not completely, and both hands which are slightly bent in elbow joints are located on a steering wheel. Position of a body has to be steady, but not strained – it prevents bystry exhaustion.
You drive easy, holding slightly a wheel. Do not squeeze it as a vice, to a pobeleniye of fingers – the excessive effort and nervous tension only tire an organism. Take for the rule at the movement on direct sections of roads to hold the steering wheel in the range from without ten two to without fifteen three corresponding to the provision of hour hands. It gives the chance to conduct the car without any efforts and to react instantly to change of a situation on the road.
Clearness of action of the driver in driving substantially depends on a dress code, especially in winter time. The clothes have to be easy, free and convenient. It is not recommended to apply ski or climbing boots, valenoks, high fur boots. Their bulkiness complicates bystry management of pedals. Management of pedals and any footwear high-heeled complicates.
1. Check and bring to norm air pressure in tires. Pressure difference in tires on only 0,2-0,3 kgfs/cm2 worsens controllability of the car, and when braking can lead to its drift.
2. Check oil level in a case of the engine and if necessary bring it to norm.
3. Check levels of the cooling, brake and washing liquids and if necessary bring them to norm. Tanks with these liquids are executed from on luprozrachny plastic that allows to conduct visual control of level.
4. Check serviceability of signaling devices and lamps of external light devices.
5. Check work of screen wipers and washers of glasses, the parking brake.
6. Examine the parking lot of the car. Existence of traces of oils and operational liquids under the car testifies to leakage of its knots and units. In this case it is necessary to reveal and remove the cause of their emergence.
7. At the movement from the parking check serviceability of working brakes.
Speed of the movement cannot be defined at all by whether you hurry or your passengers. It is necessary to acquire firmly it and even in the emergencies to choose speed only according to a situation. In this regard very important quality of the driver is the endurance allowing to keep calm and not to give in to someone's wishes to go quicker, despite of a concrete situation.
After a long break in driving (the winter period, a disease, a business trip, etc.) some time for restoration of skills is required. In this regard execute several training departures on sections of roads with the minimum loading by transport.
Be a good psychologist and critically you treat the mistakes driving.
Only self-criticism and introspection will help you to avoid repetition of similar mistakes further.
Show special attention and care the first minutes after the beginning of a rain as the moistened dust on a paving forms the soap film which is sharply reducing coupling of tires with the road.
Regularly during the movement you carry out easy snubbing of the car to dry brakes as efficiency of crude brakes sharply falls.
During overtaking include стеклоочис a titel of a windshield on the maximum mode – it will help to avoid loss of visibility due to possible emission of water from under a wheel of the overtaken transport. It is desirable to apply such precautionary measures and in case overtake you.
You do not carry out overtaking to rainy weather if the water cloud from under wheels ahead of the going car completely closes the review of a zone of overtaking.
Not to move in a water loop from ahead the going cars, increase a distance and reduce the speed of the movement.
At the movement along sidewalks during a rain or after it at journey through pools reduce the speed that splashes from under wheels of your car did not get on pedestrians.
When driving at night the driver sees only the limited section of the road and for the safe movement special attention is required. It is noticed that with age the person needs big illumination for recognition of a subject. For people 20 years are more senior it doubles every 13 years. Therefore, the driver at 60-year age sees at the night nearly 8 times worse, than in 20-year-old. According to it and the speed of the movement has to decrease in proportion to age of the driver at night.
In case of dazzle by light of headlights of the oncoming car slow down the movement or better stop, without changing a lane, and turn on the alarm light system. Be careful of a message the car blindly – it is very dangerous! Do not forget that for restoration of ability to see after dazzle time to 10 sec. can be required.
If you follow for ahead the going car at night and are not going to overtake it, switch to passing beam and you keep from it at such distance not to disturb his driver light of the headlights.
In places of crossing of roads often there is a frost due to pro-slipping of wheels at start-off from the place. Therefore at approach to such places on the dry site begin reduction of speed in advance.
It is difficult to start on the slippery site in the winter. For this purpose include the second or third transfer and, slowly releasing a coupling pedal, smoothly increase engine turns. If you need to execute turn, then after the car began the movement, switch to the first transfer and turn you pass during the operation of the vnatyag engine, without allowing pro-slipping of driving wheels.
On long descents use the engine in the braking mode with partial use of working brakes. Do not allow descent with the switched-off coupling and use only of working brakes, the WTO will lead to a warming up of brakes and boiling of brake fluid. Keep in mind that with increase in height temperature of boiling of brake fluid decreases. Boiling of brake fluid in wheel cylinders means full refusal of working brakes – the pedal of a brake fails.
If in mountains you wish to stop on the parking near observation decks or a recreation area, then after long rise do not stop the engine in order to avoid boiling of cooling liquid and fuel in the carburetor at once, and let's work to the engine 1–2 minutes on the minimum turns of idling. It will facilitate the subsequent start of the engine.
As, in the mountain area you keep to the right roads anywhere. Smaller width of the road and a difficult profile of the route require bigger attention and care. On turns give sound and light signals. At a stop on rise or on descent turn out a wheel against the stop that in case of a spontaneous start of motion of the car it rested against a border of the road or other obstacle.
On the slippery road do not begin the movement on the steep slope until ahead the going car reaches its top.
Skilled drivers, irrespective of existence of additional stoplights, expecting a possibility of application of working brakes, previously several times concern a brake pedal to a srabatyv a niya of lamps of stoplights to draw the attention of the drivers moving behind it, to be ready to reduction of speed.
The brake way depends on reliability of operation of the most brake system, a condition of a protector of tires, load of the car, a profile of the road, type and a condition of a paving, and also on car speed. The brake way increases in proportion to a speed square i.e. if the speed of a uvelichiv etsyatsya twice, the brake way increases four times.
If at serviceable suspension brackets, the adjusted angles of installation of forward wheels and normal pressure of air in tires when braking the car takes away aside and you need to dovorachivat a wheel to keep the direction of the movement, it is necessary to carry out audit of working brakes.
Taking for the first time the wheel of other car, check on the free section of the road work of brakes at speeds of 40, 60 and 80 km/h that is necessary for assessment of a condition of brakes and acquisition of the first skill.
In order to avoid "prikipaniye" of brake shoes to drums do not put the car on the long parking with the switched-on parking brake.
That brake shoes did not freeze to drums after movement along wet roads at sharp fluctuations of temperatures, do not leave the car on the open area with the tightened parking brake, without having dried a brake smooth braking at the movement to the parking.
At dispersal of the car the engine will work with the raised turns that is normal and typical for automatic transmission.
For bystry increase in speed of the movement it is necessary to press an accelerator pedal against the stop and some time to hold it in this situation. Increase in speed of the engine and decrease in transfer number in the transmission will quickly increase the speed of the movement of the car.
If pressure upon a pedal of an accelerator decreases, turns of the engine will decrease irrespective of the speed of the movement. This normal phenomenon leading to considerable economy of fuel.