VW Passat B5

since 1996 release

Repair and operation of the car



Foltsvagen Passat B5
- Maintenance instruction
   Keys
   Doors, central blocking of locks
   Trunk lid (back door of the Station wagon car)
   Remote radio control by locks
   Electrowindow regulators
   Rear-view mirrors
   Seat belts
   System of inflatable safety cushions
   Head restraints
   + Front seats
   Memory for a driver's seat
   Storing of adjustments of a seat and external mirrors for advance
   Call of adjustments of a seat and external mirrors for the movement by the forward course
   Back many-placed seat (Sedan)
   Back many-placed seat (Station wagon)
   Cover for lengthy baggage
   Armrests
   Luggage compartment
   Shelf of the luggage compartment (station wagon)
   Parking brake
   Mechanical transmission
   + 4-staged automatic transmission
   + 5-staged sekventalny automatic transmission
   Adjustable steering column
   Ignition lock
   Launch of the engine
   Engine stop
   Control devices
   Control lamps
   System of automatic control with the multipurpose index
   Violations of paramount importance (red pictograms)
   Violations of minor importance (yellow pictograms)
   Navigation system
   Switches and switches
   Understeering switch of indexes of turns and light of headlights
   Cruise control
   Screen wipers and windscreen washers
   Heating and ventilation
   Air supply nozzles
   Climatic installation
   Air supply nozzles
   + Climatic Klimatronik installation
   Lifting and movable panel of the hatch of a roof
   Internal lighting
   Box for things
   Plug sockets in the luggage compartment
   How economically to drive the car
   Braking
   Anti-blocking system of brakes
   Protivobuksovochny system (the reduced torque of the engine, ASR)
   Protivobuksovochny system with snubbing of a wheel (EDS)
   Electronic system of stabilization (ESP)
   Amplifier of steering
   Fuel (petrol engines)
   Fuel (diesel engines)
   + Motor compartment
   Bases of safe operation of the car
   Specifications
   Bases of safe operation of the car
   Specifications
+ 1. Maintenance
+ 2. Engines
+ 3. Cooling system
+ 4. Fuel system
+ 5. Engine management
+ 6. Exhaust system
+ 7. Transmission
+ 8. Running gear
+ 9. Steering
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Heating, ventilation
+ 13. Electric equipment






How economically to drive the car

GENERAL INFORMATION

Fuel consumption, load of the environment, wear of the engine, brake mechanisms and tires depend on many factors.

Individual style of driving

substantially defines expenses on operation of the car and size of toxic and noise load of the environment.

He warm up the engine, standing still.

Process of warming up of the engine idling lasts long very much, and wear of the engine and fuel consumption at warming up are especially big. Therefore at once after start of the engine begin the movement, avoiding at the same time high turns of the engine.

Avoid dispersal of the car by full pressing an accelerator pedal.

By full pressing a pedal of an accelerator not only significantly increases ся fuel consumption, but also load of the environment increases, and also wear of units and knots of the car accelerates.

Do not move with excessively high turns of the engine – whenever possible you pass to higher transfer earlier and subsequently only then switch to lower transfer when the engine cannot exactly work further.

For example, fuel consumption on the 2nd transfer is twice higher than fuel consumption on the highest transfer. Besides, thanks to the reduced engine turns also noise level decreases.

Whenever possible do not move with the maximum speed.

Fuel consumption, content of harmful substances in the fulfilled gases and noise level repeatedly increase at a high speed of the movement. If to move with a speed approximately equal to three quarters of the maximum speed, fuel consumption decreases approximately half. And the gain in time as practice shows, is very small.

Move whenever possible evenly and try to foresee further development of a road situation.

Excess braking and accelerations which it would be possible to avoid inevitably result in big fuel consumption and the raised load of the environment.

Switch off the engine in those road situations when it is necessary to wait for rather long time of an opportunity to continue the movement.

Features of traffic conditions

also, naturally, influence fuel consumption.

For example, lead to the increased fuel consumption:

 – high traffic density, especially in city conditions with a large number of traffic lights;
 – the movement with frequent short-term parking that inevitably conducts to a large number of starts of the engine and its long work in not completely heated-up state;
 – the movement in a stopper on the lowest transfers, the compelled frequent change of speed of the engine in relation to the passable distance.

By careful planning of a route of a trip try to avoid whenever possible the movement in adverse conditions: in a column, with frequent stops etc.

Certainly that fuel consumption depends as well on those factors which the driver cannot affect in any way. For example, it is quite normal that fuel consumption or in difficult traffic conditions (bad condition of a paving, towage of the trailer, etc.) increases in the winter.

Prerequisites of technical character

to economical fuel consumption and profitability of operation of your car in general are put at the plant. Special attention was paid to whenever possible minimum negative impact of the car on the environment. That in the best way to use all numerous merits of your car now and to keep them on the future, it is necessary to follow the listed below recommendations.

Cars without catalytic converters for the benefit of environment protection should be operated whenever possible also on unleaded gasoline.

All provided works on maintenance of the car need to be carried out in strict accordance with "The service book".

Regular service at the service enterprises Volkswagen guarantees not only constant operability and durability of your car, but also rather low operational costs, small load of the environment.

Check pressure in tires once a month.

Because of the lowered pressure in tires resistance to swing of wheels increases. Thereof not only fuel consumption grows, but also wear of tires increases and road performance of the car worsens.

It is not necessary to carry constantly with itself unnecessary objects in the luggage compartment of the car.

The size of mass of the car especially strongly influences fuel consumption in the conditions of the city movement which is characterized by frequent accelerations.

At once remove a luggage carrier from a car roof if in it there is no need any more.

It is necessary because at a high speed of the movement the increased resistance of air leads to significant increase in fuel consumption.

Onboard consumers of the electric power include only when in it there is an urgent need.

Heating of back glass, additional headlights, the fan of system of ventilation and heating, climatic installation – all of them consume big current. Because of the raised load of the generator fuel consumption increases. Heating of back glass within ten hours leads, for example, to an expense of excess liter of fuel.

Constantly control fuel consumption.

At each fuelling it is necessary to count specific fuel consumption. Thanks to it separate malfunctions in operation of units and knots of an avtomoba can be revealed at an early stage
It is necessary to check oil level in the engine during each filling of the car with fuel.

The consumption of engine oil substantially depends on loading and the frequency of rotation of the engine. It is defined as well by style of driving of the car and can reach 1 l / 1000 km.

It is quite normal that the consumption of engine oil of the new engine only after a certain run reaches the smallest value. Therefore it is finally possible to judge a consumption of engine oil only after a run about 5000 km.

It is equally fair both concerning fuel consumption, and concerning engine capacity.

Reliable operation of the device for neutralization of the fulfilled gases

has crucial importance from the point of view of ensuring minimum possible damage from operation of the car to the environment.

Therefore it is necessary to observe the following requirements strictly:

Cars with catalytic converter have to be operated only on unleaded gasoline.

The fuel tank of the car equipped with catalytic converter should never be spent up to the end. Because of possible at the same time unevenness of intake of fuel in the engine emergence of interruptions in its work is probable that leads to hit of not burned down fuel in catalytic converter. It can become the reason of an overheat and the subsequent failure каталитическо го converter.

When during the movement interruptions in operation of the engine decrease in its power and unevenness of the course then are noted, perhaps there is a malfunction in system of ignition. In this case not burned down fuel can get to the exhaust system and further to the atmosphere. Besides damage of catalytic converter owing to its overheat is possible. It is necessary to reduce the speed of the movement immediately. Malfunction has to be eliminated in the nearest service enterprise Volkswagen.

It is not necessary to pour oil in the engine.

It is impossible to tow the car for the purpose of start of the engine on distance more than 50 m.


Prevention

Owing to high temperature of catalytic converter that can be noted in especially adverse conditions of its work, the car should be parked whenever possible so that catalytic converter did not adjoin to flammable materials.

Never apply additional corrosion-resistant coatings to protection of exhaust pipes of the muffler, catalytic converter or heat-shielding screens. During the movement anticorrosive structures can ignite.


Even in case of normal work of catalytic converter under certain conditions exhaust gases can have a sulfur smell.

It can be caused by the increased content of sulfur in fuel.

Here often change of brand of gasoline or filling of the car with unleaded gasoline of brand super helps.